Designed and built long before there were supercomputers, the great Gothic cathedrals often developed cracks and bulges.
When more buttressing did not look like it would be enough to avert a catastrophic collapse at Amiens, the engineers there devised a way to get the net effect of putting a really big and really strong hernia support belt around the cathedral walls. Cathedrals don’t wear clothes; how do U hide such a belt? How do U cinch it? How do U accomplish all that with medieval technology?
The answers are sketched in the Wikipedia article on the Amiens Cathedral and visualized in a 2010 NOVA episode on PBS: Building the Great Cathedrals. (To read more detail, look for “iron” in the transcript.) U can blame me for bringing up hernias.
Dunno whether the engineers at Amiens were called ingénieurs at the time; at least one of them should have been called créatif. The cathedral is an enduring monument to the faith of many and the creativity of some, including a few engineers.